- Vitamins are necessary micronutrients that offer a wide range of health benefits, including clear and glowing skin.
- A healthy diet and vitamin supplements supply the body with necessary vitamins, but to improve skin health, dermatologists recommend topicals.
- Vitamin A, B, C, E are well-studied skincare vitamins.
- The benefits of skincare vitamins include wrinkle reduction, improved skin tone and structure, photoprotection, healthy skin barrier, and acne scar removal.
- Skincare products are formulated with different active forms of vitamins. For example, top-rated anti-wrinkle creams use retinol. Before investing in a product, it is wise to consult a dermatologist to know which form suits your unique skin.
Aging signs, acne, sunburn, enlarged pores – the list of our skin woes look pretty long. Does popping multivitamin pills every day make it any shorter? Topicals or supplements? Which can give you the skin you desire? According to dermatologists, topical applications of vitamins are most effective. Topicals formulated with the active forms of vitamins ensure maximum absorption and benefits. So, if clear skin tips are what you are searching for, read ahead about the best vitamins that give you healthy skin and a youthful glow.
6 Vitamins For Softer, Smoother, Radiant Skin
1.Vitamin A – Vitamin A is the first vitamin that got approval from the FDA for its anti-aging skin benefits. One of the buzzy skin-care ingredients, vitamin A, is usually labeled as retinol, retinoic acid, retinal, or retinyl palmitate in skincare formulas. The terminology may confuse you, but let us make it easy. If you buy a skincare product – a serum or a night cream or a wrinkle fighter – you may notice retinoid or retinol on the ingredients list. It could also be retinoic acid or retinaldehyde – all of which are a part of the retinoid group. Strength-wise, retinoic acid (tretinoin) is the most potent in prescription-strength formulas. Retinol is the most used vitamin A derivative in OTC anti-aging formulas. Retinyl palmitate is another vitamin A derivative that is the most gentle yet effective.
Skin Benefits of Vitamin A
- Stimulates collagen and hyaluronate synthesis. Both collagen and hyaluronate are key dermis constituents that decrease with aging. Retinoids penetrate the skin easily, boost collagen and hyaluronate synthesis, and inhibit their degradation. A study on 41 healthy middle-aged women shows that topical retinol improves epidermal thickness, modulates gene expression, increases procollagen I and procollagen III synthesis, and reduces wrinkle appearance.
- Vitamin A promotes skin cell turnover.
- Higher concentrations of retinoids help reduce acne scars if treated early.
- The exfoliating properties of vitamin A help decongest pores and fight acne. It also improves skin tone.
Note: Vitamin A is notorious for its side effects, including irritation, breakouts, peeling, and photosensitivity. Dermatologists suggest starting with a small amount and slowly letting the skin adjust to the ingredient.
2.Vitamin B – Here, you get eight types – B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, and B12. Of these, B3 and B5 are used widely in skincare formulations. Both have shown promising results in improving aging signs, redness, and hyperpigmentation.
Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid works as an emollient and a humectant. It is ideal for improving dryness, itching, and flaking. Vitamin B3 or niacinamide has healing abilities. It combats internal and external aggressors that cause premature aging. Niacinamide helps repair and restore normal barrier function, retains moisture, improves healthy fat synthesis, improves skin hydration, and lightens the skin tone.
Skincare products formulated with marine extracts use vitamin B3, vitamin E, and other botanical extracts to maximize the formula’s potential. For example, Lavelier, a skincare brand, uses seaweed extracts and vitamins in its blends to create premium skincare products. Health Web Magazine, the leading health and skincare magazine, has published exclusive Lavelier Skin Care reviews where you can find out more about the products.
3.Vitamin E – If you thought vitamin A and its derivatives are confusing, vitamin E has as many as eight different types. In cosmeceuticals and skincare products, vitamin E derivatives are used for their antioxidant and photoprotective properties. D-alpha-tocopherol, alpha-tocopheryl acetate, tocopheryl phosphate, and tocopheryl glucoside are widely used vitamin E derivatives. From top-rated anti-wrinkle cream products and face serum to nail polish, you will find vitamin E in every type of skincare and beauty product. Let us look at how the ingredient benefits the skin.
Important Skin Benefits of Topical Vitamin E
- Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant. It plays a role in neutralizing free radicals. It shields the skin against environmental damages such as sun, smoke, pollutants, and other aggressors.
- Animal study shows that topical application of tocopherol acetate improves skin sensitivity, erythema, and edema caused by UVB-induced sunburn.
- Vitamin E demonstrates moisture-retaining abilities. The fat-soluble ingredient gets deep into the skin and safeguards the lipid while improving the skin barrier.
Note: Many top-rated anti-wrinkle cream brands use a combination of vitamin E and C with ferulic acid to maximize their antioxidant and anti-aging potential and ultra-nourishing abilities.
Side effects: Dermatologists recommend a patch test before applying vitamin E if your skin is inflamed. Also, it may cause breakouts if you have super oily, acne-prone skin.
4.Vitamin C – We need vitamin C for growth and tissue repair in our bodies. However, the body can’t make it, so diet and topical application are how the body gets the nutrient. Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamin C. Skincare products use vitamin C made in labs.
L-ascorbic acid is the purest form of vitamin C. Other widely used forms are retinyl ascorbate, ascorbyl palmitate, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, and sodium ascorbyl phosphate. These derivatives are combined with other ingredients that make the vitamin stable. Vitamin C has a good safety profile.
Skin Benefits Associated with Vitamin C
- Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant. It inhibits reactive oxygen species and protects against cellular damage. Its antioxidant abilities neutralize oxidative stress and decelerate skin damage caused by environmental factors, especially solar radiation.
- A double-blindstudy confirms that the topical application of vitamin C for 12 weeks repairs photodamaged skin. It also showed improvement in hydration and new collagen formation.
- Topical vitamin C plays a role in increasing type I and III collagen synthesis. It also helps prevent collagen degrad
- Vitamin C is an effective skin brightening agent. It blocks tyrosinase, the enzyme responsible for melanin formation.
Note: If you are not aware, vitamin C is an unstable ingredient, and exposure to light and air may discolor and destabilize it. Remember to check the pH level and the right concentration suitable for your skin type. Vitamin C may not suit extremely sensitive skin or oily skin.
5.Vitamin F – Skincare enthusiasts love using vitamin F infused products as it helps improve epidermis health. Vitamin F is a blend of an omega-6 fatty acid and an omega-3 fatty acid – linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid. It is especially beneficial for aging and acne skin. If your skin looks a bit dull, topical vitamin F can help you with a younger-looking complexion.
6.Vitamin K – The unsung ingredient in the skincare world, vitamin K has many skin benefits up its sleeve. It has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, supports wound healing, and helps decrease dark spots, stretch marks, and under-eye dark circles. Vitamin K can be paired with vitamins C and E. It also works well with retinol and caffeine.
If you read the ingredient labels of anti-wrinkle creams, you will find retinol, L-ascorbic acid, tocopherol, and niacinamide coming up frequently. Formulators and dermatologists rely on topicals’ cell-rejuvenating, barrier-boosting, wrinkle-fighting, skin-brightening, and skin-softening abilities. However, while buying a vitamin-infused skincare product, a recommendation from many clear skin tips is buyers need to know the active form, concentration, and pH of the vitamin used in the formula to get the most benefit.
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